NEWBERRY'S VICTORIAN CORNET BAND
THE GILDED AGELate 19th Century Music for American Wind Band
Edward Beyer, Ernesto Cavallini, Thomas Coates, August Damm, Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore, Allesandro Liberati, Jean Marie Missud, Ciro Pinsuti, George Schleiffarth, John Philip Sousa, Giuseppe Verdi, émile Waldteufel
NEWBERRY'S VICTORIAN CORNET BAND
Dominic Giardino B-flat, clarinet
Christine Erlander Beard, piccolo
Don Johnson III B-flat, cornet
ELISA KOEHLER, conductor
PROGRAM NOTESThe term “Gilded Age” (c. 1870-1890) conjures up images of American opulence and dynamism. It was also a period of great social and financial inequality and conflicting ideas about the role and reach of capitalism. Newly developed industries attracted thousands upon thousands of individuals and families from the uncertain life of farm work to the factories of the major cities, their numbers increased by immigrants escaping crushing poverty and political chaos in parts of Europe. A small number of businessmen became magnificently rich, but little of that saw its way to the workers. As a counter to this, the people’s representatives passed laws to curb some of these excesses, helping to pave the way for the Progressive Era that followed.
The years 1870–1890 saw innovations that made Americans’ lives somewhat easier. Gas lighting, indoor plumbing, railroads, and mass production of goods and materials created a booming economy. At the same time, mass immigration spurred nativist reactions, workers felt compelled to band into labor unions, and the drive to settle the Great Plains and the West resulted in further loss of territory and dignity for the indigenous peoples living there. This period of American history also saw a flowering of the arts in the United States. While this included the budding of a uniquely American artistic voice, German immigrants continued to dominate American music both in the concert hall and in the domestic parlor. For native musicians, however, popular music now benefitted from the development of an ecosystem of publishers, music stores and instrument makers, providing an outlet for a distinctively American musical landscape. For many Americans, the latest popular songs were brought to them by wind bands.
Following the American Civil War (1861–65), thousands of well-practiced, former military bandsmen formed or joined bands in their hometowns. Bands were considered essential organizations for any respectable Victorian-era town or city, and many locales had a number of ensembles. The popular town bands were augmented by visiting professional ensembles and bands associated with local fire stations, police precincts, mines and factories.
The explosion in band membership benefitted from the development of factory-produced instruments in Austria and France, along with their American import partners such as Lyon and Healy, Bruno and Son, Wurlitzer, Jenkins, and J. W. Pepper. In addition to instruments, American publishers began supplying inexpensive wind-band arrangements of popular songs, ethnic medleys, dances, marches, and more ambitious transcriptions of orchestral and operatic music in large number. This was truly the beginning of the Golden Age of band music in America.
Newberry’s Victorian Cornet Band dedicates this recording to Don Johnson, Jr., who passed away suddenly in 2016. He was a dear friend of the band and father to our cornet soloist, Don Johnson III. Don was a wonderful cornetist and an avid collector of J. W. Pepper brass instruments. He had a great passion for the trumpet and historical performance and established and led his own ensembles, including the Marine Band that appears in the Spielberg film Lincoln. He was a true and respected friend to all in the historic brass community, so it is especially gratifying to have his son play Liberati’s The Battle Cry of Freedom, a Civil-War-themed cornet solo published by J.W. Pepper on an 1882, Distin-made, J.W. Pepper echo-bell B-flat cornet from his father’s collection on this recording.
NEWBERRY’S VICTORIAN CORNET BAND was founded in 2002 by Michael O’Connor to explore the largely forgotten repertoire of wind band music composed between the end of the Civil War and the advent of the Sousa Band in 1892. This was a formative era for the instrumentation and the music of the American wind band, and the music played by these bands was one of the primary entertainment options available to most Americans. The Newberry Band plays only music published during this time on instruments from the era with original period mouthpieces.
Elisa Koehler is a noted performer, conductor, academic administrator and author of books on trumpet pedagogy and history. She has been the conductor and “leader” of Newberry’s Victorian Cornet Band since 2006. Holding trumpet performance and conducting degrees from the Peabody Conservatory and the University of Tennessee, Dr. Koehler currently serves as Chair of the Music Department at Winthrop University (South Carolina), where she conducts the Winthrop Symphony Orchestra. Over her varied professional trumpet career, she has performed with the Baltimore Chamber Orchestra, the Dayton Philharmonic Orchestra, the Knoxville Symphony Orchestra, the Lyric Brass Quintet, and as the solo trumpeter of Baltimore’s Bach Concert Series. As a period-instrument performer, she has recorded and performed with The Bach Sinfonia, the Handel Choir of Baltimore, the Washington Cornett and Sackbutt Ensemble, and Newberry’s Victorian Cornet Band. A noted writer on historic brass, Dr. Koehler is the author of Fanfares and Finesse: A Performer’s Guide to Trumpet History and Literature (Indiana University Press), A Dictionary for the Modern Trumpet Player (Rowman & Littlefield), numerous articles, and performing editions of the Haydn and Hummel trumpet concertos published by Carl Fischer Music. and serves as Secretary of the International Trumpet Guild.
Recorded 31 July-2 August 2018 at North Albany Studios, Menands, New York. A Candlewood Digital high resolution Natural Presence™ recording: Produced, edited and mastered by Richard Price. Engineered by Wayne Hileman and
PROGRAMPatrick Sarsfield Gilmore
Salute to New York March
Yankee Tickle Medley
Fantasia “La Sonnambula”
Jean Marie Missud
“Mañana” Chilean Dance
Jolly Bears (Polka Humoristic)
Through the Air
John Philip Sousa
Serenade “Good Night Beloved”
The Battle Cry of Freedom
“I Am Up” Quickstep
Terzetto and Finale from Attila