A BEETHOVEN ODYSSEY - VOL.1Piano Sonatas Nos.1, 3 & 23 'Appassionata'
Ludwig van Beethoven
JAMES BRAWN, piano
“This is the first disc in the recording of the 32 Beethoven Sonatas by English born pianist James Brawn. We often hear the question “why another recording of the Beethoven Sonatas?” to me, the answer is straight forward: “because this is by another performer”. Yes, Beethoven, like all composers, affords myriad possibilities of interpretation. And James Brawn proves this right from the first bar of the first Sonata on the disc... Despite strict observance to the text, Brawn's spirit as well as personal, original ideas on how to interpret Beethoven’s notes, rests, dynamics, tempi, etc. shine through. Most interesting and attractive to me is the contrast of colours, pedalling, phrasing, dynamics… I wholeheartedly recommend this recording.”
Alberto Portugheis, EPTA Journal [May 2013]
BBC Music [June 2013]
“This album marks the beginning of what may be a complete Beethoven piano sonata series…If that is the case then we are in for one whale of a treat, for Brawn’s pianism—and more importantly, his interpretative skills—are formidable indeed, some of the best recent Beethoven playing I have heard, and these sonatas have been coming at us like a hurricane for the last 10 years or so, some brilliant editions in the best modern surround sound, some simply stereo, like this one.
Too often the First Sonata in F-minor is given a perfunctory run-through, a sort of Haydnesque let’s-get-on-with-it approach. While the Haydn of the sturm und drang period certainly haunts this sonata all the way through, by the time we get to the end we are in the clutches of a new and full-fledged romanticism, just bursting to escape the confines of sonata form. That doesn’t happen here—sonata form remains intact—but you can already see the end coming. The first movement of this wonder is made even more wonderful by Brawn’s rather clipped phrasing and ultra-short staccatos—the effect heightens the drama greatly and sets the scene for a performance of infinite affection and intensity. When the last movement arrives he doesn’t hesitate to give the piece a flamboyant and flowing sense of pedal and rhapsody which taints the whole work with a sense of something far more advanced than the first sonata the composer ever penned.
The Third Sonata, which is calmer but explores some interesting harmonic byways (and is also dedicated to Haydn), attempts to exploit the piano in ways that it had not been before, ending with great bravura and ushering in a whole new world of pianistic undertaking. Brawn is on top of it all and meets each challenge Beethoven presents.
The ‘Appassionata’ is of course one of the greatest warhorses in the literature, a magnificent example of how Beethoven was learning to manipulate his motives into something far beyond the confines of their initial seeds. The outer movements are sonata form, with the middle movement simple variations, but the drama comes in through the sudden contrasts and tempo changes, keeping the listener on the edge of the seat in this aural page-turner. It’s tough for any performance to etch its way into the catalog here, for there are some great ones out there. I remember the old RCA called Last Concert for Israel where Rubinstein gives an electrifying performance while missing what seemed like half the notes in the last movement. Here Brawn zaps us as well, but hits them all in a performance of great finesse and excitement.
Keep your eye on this one—it could be a stunner if they take it all the way.”
[ * * * * * ] Steven Ritter, Audiophile Audition [May 2013]
"this British-born pianist who appears to have lived all over the world still supplies significant pleasure in the first volume of his Beethoven Odyssey, already on sale online... [the] Sonata No.3 [and] the Appassionata. [are] crisp and forthright, thoughtfully phrased, with a judicious balance between head and heart."
[ * * * ] Geoff Brown, The Times, London [22 March, 2013]
“Brawn has everything it takes for a Beethoven interpreter, including an unfailing ear for sonority and dynamics, a superb sense of rhythm, a keyboard touch judiciously varied according to the particular sound and texture he wishes to evoke, and an intelligent grasp of the entire musical canvas of each sonata, and not just its choice details, as delicious as they often are.
That guiding intelligence carries over into his program building, as well. In the present instance, placing two of Beethoven’s earliest Sonatas, Opus 2, No. 1 in F minor and No. 3 in C major in the same recital as his mature middle period masterwork No. 23 in F minor, Op. 53, the universally acclaimed “Appassionata,” was more than just a stroke of luck. These early works of 1795, too often dismissed as transitional works with roots in the Viennese Classical Era, actually look boldly to the future, and Brawn does not take them lightly. Both use their opening movements to set the mood for all that follows, in a way the classical sonata of Mozart and Haydn seldom did. With swiftly ascending melodic figures, arpeggios in passagework and chords, lightning-sudden key changes and big dynamic contrasts, and particularly in the use of strongly accented sforzandi (literally 'punches') in the opening Allegro of Sonata No. 1, Beethoven makes himself known as a radical new presence to be dealt with.
Sonata No. 3 is an even weightier, more portentous work, adding broken chords and off-beat sforzandi to the composer’s arsenal in the opening movement and blistering staccato octaves and trills that ratchet up the level of excitement in the spirited, high-energy finale. Without distorting his interpretation in favor of these 'special effects,' Brawn uses them as Beethoven surely intended, to keep the listener off-balance and on the edge of expectation.
Finally, we arrive at the 'Appassionata' of 1805. Now we realize what Brawn has been doing all along in his beautifully paced and meticulously developed accounts of the two early sonatas. He has been preparing us for their fruition in Beethoven’s middle period. What were special effects in Sonatas 1 and 3 are now completely integrated as part of the Beethoven style we all know and love (and which may have been hard at times for his contemporaries to take). Imagination and superlative technique meet happily in the 'Appassionata,' and Brawn revels in both elements even as he realizes this work’s bold formal outlines. He is very much at home with its rich sonorities in the opening Allegro, including the composer’s expressive use of what has been termed the piano’s “cello register.”
Brawn gives proper weight to each of the four almost crudely simple variations in the Andante in order to set us up for the highly dramatic moment when the soft diminished seventh at the very end is succeeded by a much louder diminished seventh, and – Attacca – we are plunged headlong into the maelstrom of the finale. Without pause, Brawn’s virtuosity takes us resolutely through this sensational whirlwind movement and its even faster and more strongly accented coda, all the way to the thrilling conclusion. In the process, he does not fail to sound the intended note of desolation when the sonata ends, as do only a handful of other works in Beethoven’s career, without the expected major-key resolution.”
Phil Muse, Audio Society of Atlanta [February 2013]
PROGRAM NOTESA BEETHOVEN ODYSSEY: VOLUME 1
Like the immortal plays of William Shakespeare, Ludwig van Beethoven’s thirty-two piano sonatas are the highest expression of Western culture. In the late nineteenth century, the great pianist and conductor Hans von Bülow remarked that they were the pianist’s “New Testament.” The sonatas chronicle a tumultuous period in Beethoven’s life that lasted from his mid-twenties to early fifties. Beethoven’s spirit profoundly animates, moves, and informs the performance of these works. So it is hardly any wonder that they constitute a central pillar of the concert pianist’s repertoire.
Beethoven’s music accompanies musicians throughout their lives. As a child, Brawn experienced
the dramatic opening strains of the Fifth Symphony and listened to his mother practise the haunting ‘Moonlight’ sonata. These early impressions inspired him to begin piano study while living with his family in New Zealand. He first performed Beethoven’s sublime Piano Concerto No. 4 in G major in Australia at the age of thirteen.
During his teenage years in Australia, Brawn studied with pupils of Beethoven interpreters like Solomon Cutner, Claudio Arrau, and Rudolf Serkin, all of whom had a strong connection to and affinity with the composer’s music. He later entered the Royal Academy of Music in London, where he received the Beethoven Prize for a performance of the ‘Waldstein’ sonata. More recently, he has given recitals in both hemispheres that included the ‘Pathétique’, ‘Moonlight’, ‘Tempest’, ‘Waldstein’, ‘Appassionata’, and ‘Les Adieux’ sonatas.
These pieces are entirely modern, relevant, and necessary to life in the twenty-first century. The pianist finds himself in the role of time traveller and medium, thus becoming the link between Beethoven and present-day audiences. Despite their enormous physical, intellectual and emotional challenges, these sonatas provide the kind of artistic fulfillment that pianists like Brawn crave. Listeners all over the world are the lucky beneficiaries of recording projects such as this, which make new and highly personal interpretations of these great works available to a larger audience.
An Australian debut in Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 25 marks the start of pianist James Brawn’s solo career at the age of twelve. Brawn credits all subsequent achievements to the great pianists
with whom he was privileged to study. He takes justifiable pride in the fact that his teachers trace their pedagogical lineage back to Beethoven, Chopin, Liszt, and Clara Schumann.
Yet Brawn has also forged his own musical path as a solo performer, chamber musician, and
pedagogue. Born in England in 1971, he has lived in New Zealand, Australia, the UK, and the
United States. Brawn’s musical journey began in New Zealand, where he started piano lessons at age seven. He played Bartok on New Zealand television and, in 1979, won his first awards in Auckland. The family moved to Australia the following year. There, he studied with Margaret Schofield,
Ronald Farren-Price, and Rita Reichman throughout the 80s. The talented young pianist won major prizes at all the Melbourne Eisteddfods competitions. Yehudi Menuhin also awarded him the Hephzibah Menuhin Memorial Scholarship. In 1987, Brawn reached the concerto final of the ABC Young Performers Awards, which led to concerts with the Adelaide and Melbourne Symphony Orchestras.
A major overseas study grant from the Australia Arts Council enabled him to continue work with Rita Reichman in Philadelphia. In 1988, he received a full scholarship to the Royal Academy of Music in London. As a student there, Brawn won many recital awards, including the Beethoven and 20th century prizes. He also performed in master classes with András Schiff, Tamás Vásáry and Stephen Kovacevich. In addition, Brawn studied chamber music with members of the Amadeus and Chilingirian Quartets. He attended the Britten-Pears and Lake District summer schools.
At the age of nineteen, Brawn won the Keyboard Final of the Royal Over-Seas League Music Competition. This resulted in solo recitals at London’s Queen Elizabeth Hall and chamber music partnerships at UK music societies and festivals. He then continued studies with the Armenian pianist Nelly Akopian and the Slovenian pianist Marina Horak. From 1993-2001, James Brawn taught piano and chamber music at the King’s College and St. John’s College choir schools in Cambridge, England. During this same period, he gave recitals with his wife, soprano Susan Brawn, and sister, oboist Victoria Brawn. These collaborations led to performances at the Cambridge Elgar Festival and the Purcell Room in London. From 1996-98, James and Victoria Brawn also received sponsorship from the Countess of Munster Recital Scheme, which provides outstanding young artists with greater visibility as they transition from study to professional careers in music.
In 2001, he returned to Australia to take up a piano teaching position at Scotch College, in one of the finest music departments in the country. Whilst teaching at Scotch College, he appeared in recital at the Melba Festival, Melba Conservatorium, Monash University, and music societies throughout Victoria. Brawn recorded for RTHK Radio 4 in Hong Kong, ABC Classic FM, and 3MBS radio in Melbourne. He also co-founded the biennial Scotch College Piano Festival during that period. Brawn returned to England in 2010 and is currently based in the Cotswolds.
He performs regular solo recitals at venues in Birmingham, Cheltenham, Chichester, and London, including St. James’s Piccadilly, St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Blackheath Halls, Foundling Museum, The Forge, Royal Over-Seas League, and St. Olave Church. Significant engagements in the UK include the Bösendorfer concert series at St. Mary Magdalene and the ‘Pianists of the World’ series at St. Martin-in-the-Fields. He has also performed in recital in Hong Kong, Brunei, Paris, Sicily, and New Orleans.
PROGRAMLUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
PIANO SONATA NO.1 IN F MINOR, OP.2 NO.1 (1795)
III.Menuetto (Allegretto) & Trio
PIANO SONATA NO.3 IN C MAJOR, OP.2 NO.3 (1795)
I. Allegro con brio
III.Scherzo (Allegro) & Trio
IV. Allegro assai
PIANO SONATA NO.23 IN F MINOR, OP.57
I. Allegro assai – Più allegro
II. Andante con moto
III.Allegro ma non troppo – Presto