IN RETROSPECTSalon & Chamber Music
A. Louis Scarmolin
VLADIMIR TSYPIN, violin
Susan Walters, Piano
Lisa Gihae Kim, Violin
Vivek Kamath, Viola
Brinton Smith & Eric Bartlett, Cellos
"This is a delightful disc...Scarmolin was a composer of considerable craftsmanship...[these works] bears evidence of some remarkable gifts...Scarmolin's earliest compositions...are startlingly expressionistic...The string players on this well-recorded CD are all regulars in the New York Philharmonic, while the pianist works at the New York City Ballet. Their committed, sensitive performances leave nothing to be desired. This rather charming disc is recommended to all explorers of 20th century American chamber music."
- Fanfare - November/December 2005
"smiling lyricism harmonised with Korngold-like sweetness...one senses the players are giving their all throughout."
The Gramophone -February 2006
"The performances here are dedicated...the overall impression is that [this MSR Classics release] successfully represents this fascinating composer, and serves as a more than adequate introduction to his work. Recommended to all explorers of 20th century American chamber music."
All Music Guide - December 2005
At the age of 14, the young musician entered the German Conservatory of Music in New York City, where he studied piano with Bertha Cahn. His earliest compositions, extracurricular efforts, date from this time. These works, given that they were written in the early 1900’s, and in an extremely conservative musical atmosphere, are shockingly prescient in their expressionism and extreme chromaticism. A typical example is Una Discussione (1907), the earliest work on this album. This work comes with an Ivesian program which deals with an argument between "Signor A" and "Signor B." The tension between the two Signori is represented by imitative counterpoint, and their various ideas and talking points are represented by discreet musical ideas of two to seven beats. There are sudden changes of tempo to represent the emotional ebb and flow.
When Scarmolin showed his early efforts to the conservatory faculty, he was met with incomprehension, and when a hand injury forced postponement (and eventually abandonment) of concert career, he found himself forced to build a career in the reactionary musical climate of early 20th-century America. Accordingly he set aside his modernism and concentrated on commercially marketable forms of music. Over the next two decades he produced a great quantity of salon music, all of it crafted with great charm and facility. He would eventually return to art music, but continued to produce salon pieces well into his last decade. Several of these genre works are included on this disc, including the lilting Valse Caprice, the tarantella-like Strephon (subtitled "Pastoral Dance") and the sentimental Melodie D’Amour. The Petite Mazurka de Concert, Romance and Remembrance are later, unpublished salon works.
In 1919, Scarmolin was hired to conduct the orchestra and band at Emerson High School in Union City, New Jersey. By the mid 1930’s he felt secure enough to take time away from the composition of genre music and pursue more artistically ambitious ventures. In 1938 he produced In Retrospect, written for a competition sponsored by and early music performance ensemble looking to inspire new works for old instruments. Originally scored for harpsichord and a consort of viols and later reconfigured for piano quintet, this is a lyrical, and occasionally atmospheric work in a style intended to sound "antique." In 1940, Scarmolin produced Quartet for Strings, his first in this genre. The modernism of his early works is nowhere to be found in the concert works of the 30’s and early 40’s; instead one encounters a lush Romantic sound, not unlike that found in the scores of contemporaneous films. Still, there is a distinctive voice audible, particularly in the brooding slow movement of this work.
In the late 1940’s Scarmolin began, gradually, to adopt a comparatively modernist element in his work. Never as expressionistic or chromatic as his early works, the works of his last decades instead tend toward a degree of austerity and astringency and the use of polytonality and whole-tone harmonies. The Second String Quartet of 1955 is typical of this late sound, as is the Evocation of the early 1960’s. This last work, originally written for clarinet, was adapted for violin by Vladimir Tsypin, who performs it here.
A. LOUIS SCARMOLIN
Quartet for Strings
Romance (Andante sostenuto)
Petite Mazurka de Concert (Moderato)
Valse caprice (Moderato)
Second String Quartet
Quintet: In Retrospect (Con un po di moto)
Strephon – Pastoral Dance (Allegro vivace)
Melodie d’amour (Andante molto sostenuto)